Liver Function Test Values Chart

They have various treatment options and medicines which help control the advancement of the disease. When cirrhosis of the liver is diagnosed during the last stage the life expectancy is very poor about 1-3 years depending upon the patient’s overall health prompt use of advanced treatment etc. The Child-Pugh ClassificationThe Child-Pugh classification is a scoring system which helps determine the prognosis of liver cirrhosis. Liver Function Test Values Chart class A – score of 5 – 6Class B – score

Liver Function Test Values Chart

of 7 – 9Class C – score higher than 9About 50% of patients with a score of 10 or more in the Class C category survive for one year.

Edema and Ascites: In advanced stage cirrhosis fluid accumulates in legs edema and abdomen ascites. Ascites can lead to bacterial peritonitis a serious type of infection. Portal Hypertension: Liver cirrhosis slows the normal flow of blood from the spleen and intestine to the liver which in turn increases the pressure in the portal vein. This condition is called portal hypertension.

Cirrhosis of the Liver Prognosis What is cirrhosis of the liver? Various diseases and disorders can cause chronic injury to liver cells. The damaged cells lead to the formation of non-functional scar tissue in the liver. Over the years scar tissue replaces the healthy tissue and blocks the flow of blood through the liver. The liver gradually deteriorates. The impaired function of the liver results in several health complications. Liver helps control infections and it promotes processing of nutrients hormones and drugs.

Liver transplant dramatically improves the prognosis of liver cirrhosis. If the disease is detected at its earlier stage cirrhosis life expectancy is about 15 to 20 years. Life expectancy decreases to about 6 to 10 years when cirrhosis is detected during the second stage.

They have various treatment options and medicines which help control the advancement of the disease. When cirrhosis of the liver is diagnosed during the last stage the life expectancy is very poor about 1-3 years depending upon the patient’s overall health prompt use of advanced treatment etc. The Child-Pugh ClassificationThe Child-Pugh classification is a scoring system which helps determine the prognosis of liver cirrhosis:

  • Causes of Cirrhosis of the LiverAlcohol abuseChronic hepatitis B and hepatitis CNonalcoholic fatty liver disease NAFLD which is normally associated with obesity diabetes protein malnutrition coronary artery disease and corticosteroid medications
  • But these patients have enough time and can opt for liver transplant
  • Other Problems: Hepatocellular carcinoma is a type of liver cancer that can occur in people with cirrhosis
  • Ascites can lead to bacterial peritonitis a serious type of infection
  • Cirrhosis can develop from these conditions
  • It has been noticed that many people with cirrhosis have more than one cause of liver damage
  • With end stage cirrhosis the liver loses its capacity to replace damaged cells and liver failure occurs
  • Severe drug reactions prolonged exposure to toxic chemicals parasitic infections and repeated bouts of heart failure with liver congestion can cause cirrhosis of the liver

. Class A – score of 5 – 6Class B – score of 7 – 9Class C – score higher than 9About 50% of patients with a score of 10 or more in the Class C category survive for one year.

Diagnosis of liver cirrhosis is confirmed with the help of physical examination blood tests biopsy and imaging. Taking into consideration the person’s medical history and symptoms the treatment is designed to slow down the progression of scar tissue in the liver and prevent or treat the complications of the disease. Lifestyle changes like avoiding alcohol and other harmful substances and following a nutritious diet help slow down the growth of the disease. Medications are given to treat various underlying conditions. Both diet and medication help lower the symptoms of cirrhosis to a certain extent. Survival RateWhen the complications developed are not controlled with normal treatment liver transplant is recommended.

Therefore the muscles fat and liver cells cannot use insulin properly. The pancreas starts producing more insulin but excess glucose builds up in the bloodstream causing
Liver Function Test Values Chart
type 2 diabetes. Other Problems: Hepatocellular carcinoma is a type of liver cancer that can occur in people with
Liver Function Test Values Chart
cirrhosis. Cirrhosis can lead to immune system dysfunction increasing the risk of infections. Cirrhosis can also cause kidney lung and heart failure. Diagnosis of liver cirrhosis is confirmed with the help of physical examination blood tests biopsy and imaging. Taking into consideration the person’s medical history and symptoms the treatment is designed to slow down the progression of scar tissue in the liver and prevent or treat the complications of the disease.

Medications are given to treat various underlying conditions. Both diet and medication help lower the symptoms of cirrhosis to a certain extent. Survival RateWhen the complications developed are not controlled with normal treatment liver transplant is recommended.

Causes of Cirrhosis of the LiverAlcohol abuseChronic hepatitis B and hepatitis CNonalcoholic fatty liver disease NAFLD which is normally associated with obesity diabetes protein malnutrition coronary artery disease and corticosteroid medications. When the body’s immune system itself attacks liver cells causing inflammation damage and eventually cirrhosis it is known as autoimmune hepatitis. Statistics show that about 70% of those with autoimmune hepatitis are female.

Following health complications are generally noticed in patients diagnosed with liver cirrhosis. Gallstones: As liver cirrhosis prevents free flow of bile to and from the Liver Function Test Values Chart gallbladder the bile hardens and leads to the formation of gallstones. Easy Bruising and Bleeding: As the liver slows or stops producing the proteins required for blood clotting the person bruises or bleeds easily. Sensitivity to Medications: As the liver loses its capacity to filter medications from the blood the person becomes more sensitive to medications and their side effects. Jaundice: As the liver loses its capacity to remove bilirubin from the blood symptoms of jaundice are usually noticed.

Edema and Ascites: In advanced stage cirrhosis fluid accumulates in legs edema and abdomen ascites. Ascites can lead to bacterial peritonitis a serious type of infection. Portal Hypertension: Liver cirrhosis slows the normal flow of blood from the spleen and intestine to the liver which in turn increases the pressure in the portal vein.

Liver being a vital organ it is necessary to maintain its health with proper diet. Causes of Cirrhosis of the LiverAlcohol abuseChronic hepatitis B and hepatitis CNonalcoholic fatty liver disease NAFLD which is normally associated with obesity diabetes protein malnutrition coronary artery disease and corticosteroid medications. When the body’s immune system itself attacks liver cells causing inflammation damage and eventually cirrhosis it is known as autoimmune hepatitis. Statistics show that about 70% of those with autoimmune hepatitis are female. Many diseases can damage the ducts that carry bile from the liver causing bile to back up in the liver resulting in cirrhosis. Cystic fibrosis alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency hemochromatosis Wilson disease galactosemia and glycogen storage diseases are inherited diseases that interfere with the liver function. Cirrhosis can develop from these conditions.

With end stage cirrhosis the liver loses its capacity to replace damaged cells and liver failure occurs. Liver transplant can make the prognosis favorable. Symptoms of liver cirrhosis when detected earlier can make the prognosis favorable.

A low platelet count may therefore be the first sign of liver cirrhosis. Esophageal Varices and Gastropathy: Portal hypertension can cause enlarged blood vessels in the esophagus called varices or in the stomach called gastropathy or both. When these enlarged blood vessels burst due to thin walls and increased pressure serious bleeding can occur in the esophagus or upper stomach requiring immediate medical attention.

The liver gradually deteriorates. The impaired function of the liver results in several health complications. Liver helps control infections and it promotes processing of nutrients hormones and drugs.

http://cancer.dartmouth.edu/pf/health_encyclopedia/nord1246
http://faculty.ccbcmd.edu/courses/bio141/lecguide/unit3/viruses/Diseases_viral_student/hepatitisB/Karen_Neff_fall08.html
http://gastroliver.medicine.ufl.edu/hepatology/for-patients/liver-diseases-treatment/autoimmune-hepatitis/
http://livercirrhosisguides.info/common-reasons-for-high-liver-count/
http://livercirrhosisguides.info/does-cirrhosis-lead-to-liver-cancer/
http://livercirrhosisguides.info/liver-count-over-1000/
http://livercirrhosisguides.info/alt-sgpt-liver-test-results/

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